Introduction to Finance Careers

Upon getting information about an upcoming school science fair and the need to consider a topic of interest, many students will typically have no idea where to get started. While the science fair is typically a common occurrence in any school at any grade level, there are different types of topics that should be taken a look at depending on the age of the student. After first taking a look at the many different categories of science projects, you will be able to locate a suitable choice of topic to take to the next level.There is a wide variety of categories that fall under the types of science projects that can be chosen for a school science fair. These include biology, chemistry, physics, microbiology, biochemistry, medicine, environmental, mathematics, engineering, and earth science. While you may not have yet learned very much in any of these categories, don’t be afraid to see what each one entails. Taking a good look at your interests will allow you to focus on the right direction to take.Many resources are also available for those who are unsure as to the topic they are wanting to use to create their science projects. If you take a look at the topics that fall under the biology category, you will likely notice that there are topics that deal with plants, animals, and humans. For those who are in 2nd grade or 3rd grade, an interesting topic may be to determine if ants are picky over what type of food they eat. While this topic might not be of interest to an 8th grader, it is certainly something in the biology category that an elementary school student would enjoy.Along with the biology category, a high school student may want to take a look at diffusion and osmosis in animal cells as this would be a more appropriate topic for the grade level. A student in 6th grade would be more advanced than an elementary school student, but not as advanced as a high school student. At this middle school grade level, a topic of how pH levels effect the lifespan of a tadpole may be of interest.Whichever resource is used to locate a topic for science projects, it is always a good idea to consider the grade level of the student prior to making a selection. It is always assumed to be best to have a project at an appropriate level in order to keep the attention of the student and provide a fun and enjoyable learning experience.

How to Find Digital Photography Jobs

You have come to the right place if you are interested in learning more about potential digital photography jobs. Photography is becoming an ever increasingly popular career choice, particularly in today’s world of digital picture taking. If this sounds like something you would be interested in keep reading, below you will learn about job qualifications, training and a summary of what the average photographer earns.First on the agenda, let’s take a look at what a photographer is. You could say photography is about capturing images the portray an event or story. The best photographers know how to use lighting, angles and lenses to capture these moments in such a way that the viewer is drawn into the scene. You will have several types of photography to choose from including landscape, fashion, wildlife and wedding photography. Many institutions offer courses in these and various other photography disciplines. In addition to taking pictures, many photographers are also learning about electronic equipment for editing and otherwise manipulating photographs. Some photographers still use a dark room for developing, however this is becoming less popular.Exactly what qualifications are required to become a photographer? If you are looking for a photography position as opposed to striking out on your own you should know employers look for technical photography skills and a great imagination. While not necessarily required it is a good idea to have a photography degree from a reputable institution. Photography courses are available at many local colleges around the country. These classes will focus on technique, process, design, composition and proper use of photography equipment. Once you have the education you will then need to obtain some photography experience. One great way to get this experience is by volunteering as an assistant to another professional. In the meantime, work on building your portfolio, which you can present to potential future clients.Today photography has seen a good deal of advancements, especially when it comes to technology. This is one reason the field has become more appealing to a variety of individuals. Of course, that means more competition! With competition being so fierce it is a good idea to gain as much specialized knowledge as you can, the more you know about your chosen genre of photography the better your chances at securing a position within that particular field.Now, we come to money and when it comes to an annual salary, the range is wide and varied. You will see start out wages anywhere from $14,000 per year up to $50,000. Generally speaking, that gives you a median annual salary of around $24,000 in the field of photography. That being said the particular area you go into will make a huge difference in your salary. For instance, even an average fashion photographer makes a great deal more than the portrait photographer does.It is very important that you obtain a photography degree regardless of the type of photography you want to focus on. This will be essential to creating a thriving career. If you are ready to begin your journey toward your dream career as a photographer it is time to begin searching for a school that offers the courses you need. Before you know it you will be well on your way to establishing a profitable and fun career

The Vulnerabilities of Outdated Operating Systems

Keeping your computer’s operating system up-to-date is rudimentary to keeping the system secure. Why? Whether your computer is built around a Windows, Mac, Unix, or Linux-based operating system (OS), the developers of the operating system – whether maintained commercially or through open source communities – are attempting to enhance the capabilities, features, and most importantly the security of the system. When a manufacturer releases a new OS, they are not just looking to profit from a new product, they are striving to produce and distribute a better product. In fact the latest trend this past year in commercial operating systems released by top corporations in the industry (i.e., Apple and Microsoft) is to provide consumers with FREE upgrades to the latest operating system. This means that corporations are not even profiting from the distribution of their latest system. So why not upgrade your computers’ operating systems when there are no financial costs involved?Going back to why developers change operating systems on a regular and ongoing basis; while it has everything to do with business, only a fraction is about profits. One of the greatest advantages with a free market is that businesses will compete to produce a better, more desirable product. While competing to improve products, in this case, operating systems, the developers strive to enhance virtually all aspects of a system, including but definitely not limited to its security features. This is not an article on economics, but on why users should focus on the benefits in upgrading computers’ operating systems, instead of the drawbacks, and how upgrading the OS may improve the security of the computer and the user’s data it stores.Often users have kept computers on the same operating system (usually the OS pre-installed when the computer was purchased) for years and even decades. Non-technical users will hesitate to upgrade the OS in order to avoid making any changes that might break the computer, or worse – might rearrange the desktop, menus, and toolbars in such a manner that it is difficult for the user to navigate or utilize. We get it, change is scary. When desktops and menus change appearance, and options are relocated, it can be hard to adjust to the new layout. Yet, if a user can overcome the temporary inconveniences of navigating a new operating system, he or she will experience the comforts and assurances that come with the upgrade.Over a period of time, the number of exploits into any (and every) type of OS will increase thanks to penetration testers, hackers, and malware developers. The truth of the matter is that the longer a system is in circulation, the longer programmers have been attempting to exploit it through hacks, cracks, malware, and other tricks. It is a never-ending game of breaching and patching a system that makes it more secure. The problem with legacy operating systems – note, the word legacy is meant to describe a product that is no longer supported by the manufacturer – is that any newly discovered vulnerabilities in the system will never be patched or secured. Security vulnerabilities can allow attackers and/or malware to bypass network protocols, execute remote codes, escalate access privileges to system programs and files, disclose or collect user profile information, corrupt system drivers or files, cause a denial of service, and perform other activities that could harm the user, the system, and/or application(s).When an OS reaches the end-of-life date set by the manufacturer, there will be no more resources or support available to maintain the retired system. The manufacturer will invest its resources in a new(er) system or product. Thus, when a manufacturer retires a system, so should the users. Users that keep their computers’ OS upgraded and up-to-date will have access to multiple types of patches for vulnerabilities, including:

Definition Updates. Definitions added to system databases are used to detect malicious code, phishing websites, and/or junk mail (spam).

Security Updates. An update will include patches or fixes for a product-specific, security-related vulnerability.

Service Packs (Windows-only). A service pack consists of a batch of cumulative hotfixes, security updates, critical and non-critical updates.
A computer that has a supported OS can access the latest definition/security updates and service packs that are tested and released by the developers. Users that do not upgrade their computers’ operating systems, which have reached end-of-life, are leaving their computers and data at risk of being compromised.